artisanal gold definition

Livelihoods and Policy in the Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining Sector

attempts made in the 1970s to define and compartmentalise artisanal and .... diamond and gold purchases from small-scale miners: in 2003, the sector.

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LBMA Responsible Gold Guidance

Jan 18, 2013 ... Refer to definition of the OECD Due DiligenceGuidance for Responsible ..... For Mined Gold from artisanal and small-scale mining (“ASM”):.

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Sourcing Gold from Artisanal and Small-Scale Miners - OECD

In addition, all companies in the artisanal gold supply chain (upstream ... based (meaning, a chain of custody) approach is less important than the quality and...

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Comparison between artisanal and small-scale mining in Ghana ...

ASM in Ghana involves gold and diamond mining, and to a lesser degree ..... small-scale mining, with no reference to or definition of what artisanal means in the...

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Small-Scale Mining - Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health

Artisanal and Small-scale Mining in India by S. L. Chakravorty ... Mercury in Artisanal Gold Mining in Latin America: Facts, Fantasies and Solutions by Marcello...

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The myth of ethical gold -- New Internationalist

Sep 1, 2014 ... And still, Newmont markets itself as an ethical gold producer. ... communities in Latin America and Africa that produce artisanal gold, ensuring traceability. ... of the total supply of gold and is on the rise, meaning our technology...

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ECO-GOLD VS ETHICAL GOLD VS RECYCLED GOLD ... - Amalena

Jun 12, 2015 ... eco-gold, fairmined, fairtrade, recycled gold ... Ethical gold: Ethical gold refers to gold from responsible Artisanal and Small-scale Mining (ASM).

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Certification and Artisanal & Small-Scale Mining - EI SourceBook

artisanal gold possible for explaining how Fair Trade in artisanal minerals can ... The general definition of Fair Trade agreed upon by FINE is given in box 1.

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Overcoming barriers to cleaner artisanal mining in Ecuador

explores some of the barriers to formalizing the artisanal gold mining sector and ..... There is currently no universal definition of artisanal and small-scale mining.

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Responsible Gold Also Means Supporting Livelihoods of Artisanal ...

Apr 22, 2015 ... The mine supports 5,000 thousand so-called “artisanal” gold miners, who ... on artisanal gold, which almost by definition is produced informally,...

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The Impacts of Artisanal Gold Mining in Sudan - Academy of ...

Sep 3, 2014 ... Over the years artisanal gold mining has been a source of income ... Main points: ▫ Definition of indigenous and artisanal gold mining. ▫ Natural...

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Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining - World Bank

Nov 21, 2013 ... Artisanal and small-scale production supply accounts for 80% of global sapphire, 20% of gold mining and up to 20% of diamond mining.

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impact of artisanal small scale gold mining in umzingwane

The unskilled and underequipped artisanal small scale gold miners use mercury for amalgamation as it requires no special skill and is .... 1.2 Definition of Terms.

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Impacts of artisanal gold and diamond mining on livelihoods and the ...

Impacts of artisanal gold and diamond mining on livelihoods .... This report on the impact of artisanal gold ..... include: the definition of the number of villagers,.

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The burden of chronic mercury intoxication in artisanal small-scale ...

Dec 13, 2014 ... Artisanal small-scale gold mining (ASGM) is a poverty-driven activity ... of exposed population, the definition of chronic mercury intoxication, DW...

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Mercury in Artisanal Gold Mining in Latin America - Harvard TH ...

deriving from artisanal gold mining, Vienna, July 1 - 3, 1997. ..... In many countries, the definition of artisanal miners is attached to the type of ore allowed to be...

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Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining Without Mercury ...

Dec 18, 2015 ... In many countries, elemental mercury is used in artisanal and small-scale gold mining. Mercury is mixed with gold-containing materials, forming...

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African Women in Artisanal and Small-scale Mining - United Nations ...

women to the artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) sector, a growing body of ... (particularly for gold mining) to avert the hazardous side- effects of the use of ..... as a woman have been due to 'kuthubutu', [literal meaning in. Swahili: to dare].

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Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Nigeria - Environmental ...

Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) has long been practiced in Nigeria ... Artisanal mining activities in Nigeria are almost by definition informal – that.

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Advisory Assistance on Avoidance Mercury Pollution from Artisanal ...

FROM ARTISANAL GOLD MINING OPERATIONS. IN BOLIVAR ... A gold production in Venezuela of around 18 .... Definition of Small Mining in Venezuela .

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Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining - UNEP

Issue. Mercury releases from Artisanal and small scale gold mining (ASGM) is estimated to be about 1400 tonne/year making it the largest global demand sector...

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Revamping Artisanal Gold Mining in Zimbabwe to Catalyse ... - saiia

artisanal gold mining sector in Zimbabwe. It reflects ... including the criminalisation of artisanal gold mining by the Zimbabwean ... artisanal mining, define land.

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In praise of small miners | The Economist

May 7, 2016 ... A boom in artisanal mining offers lessons in development. ... the government reckons there are now some 500,000 small-scale gold miners. ... agencies, informal mining towns are the very definition of unsustainable—dirty and...

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Investigating Approaches to Working with Artisanal and Small-scale ...

Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM): Training and governance .... Gold 71. Gemstones. 72. Challenges for the Madagascan Government in relation to ASM .... There is no universal definition of ASM (Andrew 2003; Hinton 2006), and some.

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Mercury Usage in Gold Mining and Why Is It a Problem - About

Subsistence artisanal small-scale gold mining is a way to survive for an estimated 10-15 million miners in 70 countries, including approximately 3 million women...

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Report - Human Rights Watch

Aug 4, 2013 ... Child Labor and Mercury Exposure in Tanzania's Small-Scale Gold Mines ... I. Background: Artisanal Gold Mining, Mercury Use, and Child Labor in Tanzania . ...... because of the definition of child labor used in the research.36.

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Artisanal - definition of artisanal by The Free Dictionary

Define artisanal. artisanal synonyms, artisanal pronunciation, artisanal translation, ... the problems faced by artisanal and small-scale gold miners in some of the...

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Formalising Zimbabwe's Artisanal Mining Sector | Project263

Sep 24, 2013 ... Up to 2 million people are affected by artisanal mining in Zimbabwe. These people are mostly involved in the extraction of gold, diamonds,...

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Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM) - POLINARES

Mar 19, 2012 ... High-commodity value metals such as gold, tin and tantalum, are ... There is no general accepted definition of artisanal and small-scale mining...

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Artisanal Mining in Sudan - Opportunities, Challenges and ... - Unctad

Jan 5, 2016 ... Artisanal scale mining is a gold-focused activity in Sudan. ▫ Limited artisanal activities on chromite, lizenithne, and salt. Definition of Artisanal...

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Responsible gold also means supporting livelihoods of artisanal ...

Mar 24, 2015 ... Artisanal gold mining generally means informal mining done with ... on artisanal gold, which almost by definition is produced informally, without...

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Integrated Assessment of Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in ...

Jul 15, 2015 ... Keywords: artisanal small-scale gold mining (ASGM), subsistence ... priori consensus on definition of the problem or question that needs to be...

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Poverty Reduction and Development Capacity of Artisanal Gold ...

Keywords: ICT, poverty reduction, artisanal gold mining, gold panning, small-scale ...... The artisanal gold mining sector in Zimbabwe: background and definition:.

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Responding to the challenge of artisanal and small-scale mining

There are 20–30 million artisanal and small-scale miners across the world (see Table 1 ... of mercury in gold mining) to the use of ASM revenue to finance conflicts, the ..... (1972) definition of informality as a 'way of doing things' defined by: □.

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Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Peru - The Peru Support ...

Artisanal and small-scale mining in Peru: a blessing or a curse? © Peru Support Group ... Some artisanal gold miners are undoubtedly irresponsible and uninterested in formalising (as ..... They are, by definition, only ever con- ducted either on...

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Artisanal Mining | Small Scale Mining | ASM – MiningFacts

In the absence of a common definition, Artisanal and Small-scale Mining (ASM) ... Miners involved in ASM trade gold and minerals informally and do not pay tax...

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Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining - Iied - International Institute for ...

While many attempts have been made to define ASM, a common definition of ..... established, including the Ingwe coal mine in South Africa, the Gold Fields...

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